Sunday, December 6, 2009

AS SEIS REGRAS DO PLURAL / THE SIX RULES OF PLURAL NOUNS




Essa é uma forma muito simples e prática de aprender as seis regras do plural dos substantivos:

[This is a very practical and simple way to learn the six rules of the plural nouns:]


Regra 1 [Rule #1]
The plural of nouns is usually formed by adding -s to a singular noun.[O plural dos substantivos geralmente é formado com o acréscimo do -s ao substantivo no singular]

lamp - lamps
cat - cats
fork - forks
flower - flowers
pen - pens



Rule #2
Nouns ending in s, z, x, sh, and ch form the plural by adding -es.[Substantivos terminados em s, z, x, sh e ch formam o plural com o acréscimo de -es.]

moss - mosses
buzz - buzzes
box - boxes
dish - dishes
church - churches



Rule #3
Nouns ending in - y preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by changing -y to -ies.[Substantivos acabados em - y precedidos por consoante, vão para o plural trocando o -y por -ies.]

Examples: lady, ladies; city, cities; army, armies



Rule #4
Nouns ending in -y preceded by a vowel form their plurals by adding -s.[Substantivos terminados em -y precedidos por vogal, fazem plural adicionando -s.]

Example: boy, boys; day, days



Rule #5
Most nouns ending in - o preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by adding -es.[Muitos substantivos que acabam em -o precedidos por uma consoante, formam plural com a adição de -es.]

Example: hero; heroes; grotto, grottoes



Rule #6
Some nouns ending in -f or -fe are made plural by changing -f or -fe to -ves.[Alguns substantivos que acabam em -f ou -fe fazem plural trocando o -f ou -fe por -ves

Example: beef, beeves; wife, wives.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Post a Comment